Water Research Center
Drinking Water Testing and Free
Chloride is a salt compound resulting from the combination of the gas chlorine and a metal. Some common chlorides include sodium chloride (NaCl) and magnesium chloride (MgCl2). Chlorine alone as Cl2 is highly toxic, and it is often used as a disinfectant. In combination with a metal such as sodium it becomes essential for life. Small amounts of chlorides are required for normal cell functions in plant and animal life.
Chlorides are not usually harmful to people; however, the sodium part of table salt has been linked to heart and kidney disease. Sodium chloride may impart a salty taste at 250 mg/l; however, calcium or magnesium chloride are not usually detected by taste until levels of 1000 mg/l are reached. Public drinking water standards require chloride levels not to exceed 250 mg/l.
Chlorides may get into surface water from several sources including:
Chlorides can corrode metals and affect the taste of food products. Therefore, water that is used in industry or processed for any use has a recommended maximum chloride level. Chlorides can contaminate freshwater streams and lakes. Fish and aquatic communities cannot survive in high levels of chlorides.
For chloride or other chemical testing information, please contact email@example.com.
Back to Main Watershed Page
For More information, please contact:
Attn: Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG)
Program | Drinking
Water Help Guides | Contact
Available Test Parameters
Research Interests, Funded Research and Applied Research
Homeowner Information Water Testing
Environmental Topics - Infiltration, Soils,
Wellhead Protection, Groundwater, Watersheds
Lake and Watershed Studies, Volunteer Monitoring Programs
The Water Library - Pdf files on Water Issues and Topics
Tools for Undergraduate Students
Field Training and Workshops in Earth Science
Affiliations and Hot Links
| Search Our Site|
Website Design by:
Web Design Pros.Net